|Favored IUPAC term
|ECHA InfoCard||100. 001. 865|
|Cbeing unfaithful reflective essay topicsLsixN|
|Molar mass||129. 16 g/mol|
|Appearance||yellowish slimy liquid|
|Density||1 . 093 g/mL|
|Melting point||âˆ’15 Â°C (5 Â°F; 258 K)|
|Cooking point||237 Â°C (459 Â°F; 510 K) /760 mm Hg, 108 to 110 Â°C/11 mm Hg|
|Solubility||Soluble in alcohol, ether, and carbon dioxide disulfide|
|Acid (pKa)||4. 85 (conjugated air conditioning unit >|
|-86. 0Â·10 âˆ’6 cm 3 /mol|
|174. 9 kJ mol âˆ’1|
|S-phrases(outdated)||S26, S27, S28, S29, S30, Template: S31, Template: S32, S33, Template: S34, S35, S36|
|Adobe flash point||info Â°C (214 Â°F; 374 K)|
|4 hundred Â°C (752 Â°F; 673 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
|Y verify (what is Sumado a N? )|
Quinolineis a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C 9 H 7 N. It is a colorless hygroscopic liqu > Quinoline itself offers few applications, but many of its derivatives are useful in diverse applications. A dominant example is usually quinine, a great alkaloid present in plants. 4-Hydroxy-2-alkylquinolines (HAQs) are involved in antibiotic level of resistance.
Event and isolation [ edit ]
Quinoline was first taken out from fossil fuel tar in 1834 by German chemist Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge;  he referred to as quinolineleukol(“white oil” in Greek).  Coal tar is still the principal method to obtain commercial quinoline.  In 1842, French chemist Charles Gerhardt acquired a substance by dried distilling quinine, strychnine, or perhaps cinchonine with potassium hydrox > he known as the compoundChinoilinorChinolein.  Runge’s and Gephardt’s substances seemed to be distinctive isomers mainly because they responded differently. Yet , the The german language chemist August Hoffmann ultimately recognized that the differences in behaviors was because of the presence of contaminants and that the two ingredients were in fact >
Like various other nitrogen heterocyclic compounds, including pyr >
Quinolines are present in small amounts in crude oil inside the virgin diesel powered fraction. It is usually removed by the process called hydrodenitrification.
Activity [ edit ]
Quinolines are often synthesized from basic anilines by using a number of known as reactions.
Going clockwise from top these are:
A number of other processes exist, which require specifically substituted anilines or related compounds:
Camps quinoline synthesis using an o-acylaminoacetophenone and hydrox >Applications [ edit ]
Quinoline is used in the manufacture of dyes, the preparation of hydroxyquinoline sulfate and niacin. It is also used as a solvent for resins and terpenes.
Quinoline is mainly used as in the production of other specialty chemicals. Approximately 4 tonnes are produced annually according to a report published in 2005.  Its principal use is as a precursor to 8-hydroxyquinoline, which is a versatile chelating agent and precursor to pestic >